By N. D. B. Connolly
A international extra Concrete argues that black and white landlords, marketers, or even liberal neighborhood leaders used tenements and repeated land dispossession to exploit the bad and generate amazing wealth. via a political tradition equipped on actual property, South Florida’s landlords and householders complex estate rights and white estate rights, specially, on the price of extra inclusive visions of equality. For black humans and plenty of in their white allies, makes use of of eminent area helped to harden type and colour lines. but, for plenty of reformers, confiscating yes different types of actual property via eminent area additionally promised to aid enhance housing stipulations, to undermine the local effect of robust slumlords, and to open new possibilities for suburban existence for black Floridians.
involved extra with winners and losers than with heroes and villains, A international extra Concrete offers a sober review of cash and tool in Jim Crow America. It indicates how negotiations among robust genuine property pursuits on each side of the colour line gave racial segregation a outstanding capability to adapt, revealing homeowners’ strength to reshape American towns in ways in which can nonetheless be noticeable and felt today.
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Additional info for A World More Concrete: Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida
Warley (1917), that racial 40 / Chapter One zoning was indeed unconstitutional, encumbering and in some cases preventing the sale of real estate. In the aftermath of the ruling, neither Colored Town’s landlords nor Highland Park residents respected the city’s tar-painted fence. On an early July morning in 1917, white terrorists bombed the largest civic hall in Colored Town, the Odd Fellows Hall. 120 In this particular string of incidents, a handful of white men barreled down Colored Town’s dirt streets and threw a dynamite bomb that exploded near the homes of several families.
Roughly between 1900 and 1930, the number of white women engaged in domestic employment declined by 40 percent. Most gained access to new clerical professions. 16 Racism on the job and between jobs determined the nature of black men’s work as well. Beginning in the 1910s and continuing well into the 1940s, white union members enforced “whites only” membership rules within the sectors of carpentry and entertainment. These helped exclude colored people from Miami’s most well paying jobs. ”17 White union members and employers generally made poor-paying and degradingly servile jobs the kind of employment most available to black Miamians.
But its demands were usually thwarted by white city officials, union leaders, or homeowners who desired to keep Negroes confined to the worst jobs and housing. The board pushed for parks, a hospital, and paved streets in Colored Town. 65 After a series of violent disputes between black and white chauffeurs and taxi drivers between 1915 and 1919, for instance, “compromise” yielded a monopoly for whites on all fares earned outside of Colored Town. 66 Colored drivers, in short, remained confined to the city’s unpaved streets.
A World More Concrete: Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida by N. D. B. Connolly