By Na'im Akbar
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The 1921 Tulsa Race revolt was once the country's bloodiest civil disturbance of the century. Thirty urban blocks have been burned to the floor, might be a hundred and fifty died, and the filthy rich black group of Greenwood, Oklahoma, used to be grew to become to rubble. Brophy attracts on his personal broad examine into modern debts and court docket files to chronicle this devastating insurrection, displaying how and why the rule of thumb of legislations fast eroded.
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This belief under-scores the extent to which the African feels himself to be part of all other African peoples. Descriptively, this relationship of interdependence can be termed the "extendedself. " This notion of the "we" (as opposed to the "I") may become clearer through an ontological analysis ofthe self. It is generally accepted in the Euro-American psychological tradition that the establishment of self is accomplished by recognizing in others qualities or characteristics similar to one's self and/or denying qualities and characteristics similar to one's self.
Lesions to the substantia nigra (literally, "black substance") produce the complex motor syndrome (Paralysis agitans and akinsesia) commonly seen in Parkinson's disease. The substantia nigra is located in the mid-brain (mesencephalon) near the cerebellum and forms part of the cerebral peduncles near the red nucleus. Research has suggested the substantia nigra has a critical relationship with the reticular forn1ation in the sense that it provides "starter" impulses, which facilitate phasic muscular contractions.
Phenylalanase is necessary to convert phenylalanine into tyrosine; if phenylalanase is absent, the phenylalanine is converted instead to pehnylpyruvic acid, which is excreted in the urine. This mis-conversion process also results in certain mental defects that are associated with PKU disease (hereditary idiocy). Thus, we are convinced that the absence of melanin is directly associated with the mal-functioning of the central nervous system. However, we are also convinced that the presence of melanin is directly associated with the proper functioning of the central nervous system.
Akbar Papers in African Psychology by Na'im Akbar